What Is Cotton Burr Compost? (Why It’s A Cut Above The Rest)
Some people consider cotton burr compost as a bit of a miracle compost solution!
Fans of this kind of compost say it’s “ahead of the class” or “a cut above the rest.”
So what makes this soil amendment so good?
In this article, we’ll look at precisely what cotton burr compost is and why you should be using it in your yard…
So What Is Cotton Burr Compost?
Burr compost is made from the organic waste leftovers after cotton has been harvested from the cotton plant. The seeds, stalks, and leaves are converted into nutrient-dense, high-nitrogen compost. However, planting directly in cotton burr compost can cause root burn.
After the cotton is harvested, you end up with a large amount of surplus organic matter. This surplus waste material is what we call “cotton burr.”
The stalks, seeds, and leaves of the cotton plant are rich in nutrients, particularly nitrogen. Therefore, they can be turned into effective compost.
Cotton is known as a “heavy feeder.” This is because it consumes a lot of nutrients and minerals during the growing process. Composting the remaining material after harvest is an excellent way to reclaim those nutrients and minerals.
The leftover cotton burr is a repository for these nutrients. So cotton burr is an excellent source of macronutrients and also some micronutrients for plant growth.
Cotton burr has a carbon-nitrogen ratio of 22:1. This is relatively high in terms of nitrogen availability.
All organic matter has a higher carbon content than nitrogen. The lower the ratio, the more easily nitrogen is available for plant uptake. Higher C: N ratios result in nutrient immobilization. This means the nitrogen is used by microorganisms to decompose the organic matter and won’t be available for plants.
What Is Cotton Burr Compost Used For?
The best use for cotton burr compost is to mix it into the topsoil before planting. Compost made from cotton burr is an excellent organic material to combine with any planting medium. Still, it should not be used on its own.
The rich nutrients in cotton burr compost and the high nitrogen content can burn the plant’s roots if used in high concentrations.
Nutrient or fertilizer burn happens when you apply too much “fertilizer.” In other words, nutrients in high concentrations. Some plants have tender roots and are more sensitive to root burn. You know if root burn is happening if you see stunted growth or browning of the edges of plant leaves.
For these reasons, I would suggest that the best use for cotton burr compost is as a top dressing to amend the quality of the topsoil or as an organic mulch.
How To Make Cotton Burr Compost
It is difficult to make your own cotton burr compost unless you have direct access to raw cotton burr to produce it.
The best way to make your own batch of cotton burr compost is to purchase it in bags and mix it with your regular homemade compost in a ratio of 3 parts compost to 1 part cotton burr compost.
How Much Cotton Burr Compost To Use
Use a minimum of 1-inches of cotton burr compost as a mulch or top dressing on the soil surface. Cotton burr compost can also help keep weeds under control. In clay soils, you can mix 2 to 3 inches of compost into the topsoil. In sandy soils, you should use more.
When mixed with soil, cotton burr compost provides an instant boost in essential nutrients. It contains no chemicals, harmful pathogens, or weeds. It also includes some tannins, which may stain concrete, so use a rake to spread a layer of compost over the soil.
When To Put Down Cotton Burr Compost
The best time to put cotton burr compost down for trees or vegetables is at the beginning of the growing season.
It should not be used when the plants start to develop blossoms or fruit. The high nitrogen levels will promote too much leafy growth, detracting the plant from producing quality, abundant fruits.
Can You Use Cotton Burr Compost As Mulch
Mulch is one of the best applications for cotton burr compost since it provides a slow release of nutrients and nitrogen from above.
The coarse nature of the cotton burr compost also helps to trap air in the spaces between the particles, providing an insulating effect against frost and reducing moisture evaporation from the soil.
Is Cotton Burr Compost Good For Amending Clay Soil
Unlike other composts, cotton burr compost is very coarse, which is helpful for soil aeration and drainage. For this reason, cotton burr compost will help break up heavy clay soil. It also contains a lot of beneficial microbes and bacteria, making it an overall excellent soil amendment.
Its coarse texture creates large pore spaces that attract beneficial soil organisms. These microbes break up clay and improve the soil’s pH level.
It will also help your plants resist pests and diseases.
Cotton burr compost has a good reputation for improving clay soils, and it will do great things for your plants!
Is Cotton Burr Compost Good For A Vegetable Garden?
A great method to add nitrogen to the soil after planting heavy feeding plants in your vegetable gardens, such as head cabbage and cauliflower, is to add cotton burr compost.
However, cotton burr compost should not be used with plants such as beans, peas, tomatoes, and chilies. The high nitrogen levels will promote leafy growth but limit the fruit production of these plants.
Can I Use Cotton Burr Compost To Plant New Trees?
Cotton burr compost can be used as compost when planting new trees, but it should not be placed in the planting hole with the new trees.
The high nitrogen content on the compost can damage the roots and possibly kill the young tree. The best way to apply cotton burr compost to new trees is to use it as a top-dressing on top of the ground around the base of the tree up to the tree’s dripline.